It is mentally and physically demanding to drive a Formula 1 car. Driving Formula 1 cars requires drivers to have split-second reactions to achieve the best racing lines and avoid accidents. Drivers also need to be able handle the intense g-forces created by high-speed cornering.
F1 cars are becoming more advanced every year. They can achieve much higher speeds in both the straights as well as the corners. Modern F1 drivers must deal with higher g forces than in decades past. Drivers regularly encounter forces between 4-6 when cornering. g.
This article will share all the fun facts you need to know about F1 racing’s G-forces. We’ll also show you how F1 cars pull so many. gWhat happens to drivers when they have multiple incidents? gs.
What is G-Force and How Does It Work?
G-force can be described as gravity. G-force is measured using units known as gs (which are always written lowercase and italicized in order to differentiate them from G and g, the abbreviation of grams)
You can experience two types of G-forces, but only one is important for F1 drivers. Vertical is the first. gs is the type g-force which pulls down on you, and holds everything to the ground.
You are able to experience 1 at all times g Vertical g-force is not affected by jumping, but actions such as climbing actually increase it gYou experience this for only a fraction of second. However, the time between each experience and your next one is so brief that you don’t suffer any physical damage. gJumping from 3 feet high is considered dangerous.
The other type of gs, the type that is most important to F1 drivers, are lateral gs. Lateral gYou can move forward, reverse, or sideways to experience s. As such, F1 drivers experience lateral gYou can do this almost every race.
G-forces are fascinating. It’s possible to survive without losing consciousness after just a few seconds of 100. gIf you can’t withstand more then 4, it is a problem. gYou run the serious risk of blacking out if you do not stop at s or so even for a few seconds.
Actually, you can’t resist anything more than 16 gIf you hold the button for longer than 30 seconds, it’s almost certain that you will suffer severe injuries or even death.
How do G-Forces Impact the Human Body in F1
Okay, we all know that g force are extremely taxing on the body, especially if they last more than a few seconds. What exactly is it about the g force that causes such drastic effects on our bodies?
G-forces can have many causes, but the most obvious is that they disrupt blood flow. Normal blood pressure doesn’t vary across the body in normal circumstances. Because gravity pulls on blood pressure, it is always slightly higher in the legs than in the head.
Your body will normally be able to compensate for small variations in blood pressure. However, if you are placed in a high-g-force environment, things can stop working as they should. Lateral g forces can cause blood to flow from your head into your extremities, leading to impaired vision and eventually unconsciousness.
G-Forces’ Impact on F1 Crashes
In the event of a crash, your body will be subject to enormous amounts of g force due to sudden deceleration. You can experience a sudden stoppage in your speed and a tremendous amount of force on your soft tissues.
Your internal organs are essentially pushed against your chest if you stop suddenly in a crash. Your brain can become jangled up in a car crash, and this can lead to serious injury. Brain damage can easily result from such accidents.
HANS devices are required by F1’s governing body since 2003. A HANS (head & neck support) device is essentially a brace which sits on the shoulders of the driver and includes a strap to keep the driver’s helmet attached to the brace.
HANS devices prevent drivers’ necks and heads from moving further than they normally would. This helps to prevent whiplash, brain injury, and basilar skull fractures in a crash.
Drivers are also required to undergo intensive physical training in order to resist the high lateral effects. gThis is an extremely important aspect of driving. Drivers will train with weighted helmets in order to replicate the effects of high-powered cars. gPerform exercises to improve strength in these areas.
How is it possible for F1 cars to corner so well?
Formula 1 cars are objectively very fast overall but they are slower in straight line than other types. Dragsters will destroy an F1 car’s straight-line acceleration. Even a Le Mans prototype, or rally car, would not be able to beat an F1 car within the quarter-mile.
F1 cars have been designed to corner at the fastest speed possible. F1 cars can be faster on straights than any other car, but they are simply better in corners.
F1 cars are able to corner at extremely high speeds because of their aerodynamics. Any F1 car built within the last decade will show you that it has crazy front and back wings with many elements to generate downforce and direct airflow away.
F1 cars create downforce, which is what allows them turn corners at a faster pace. F1 cars also generate more downforce as they move faster, which means that F1 cars can handle corners better by increasing their cornering speeds.
Ground effects will be included in the F1 car designs starting with the 2022 F1 Season. Ground effects car designs are built so that there is a small area of low pressure right under the car. This helps the car stick to the road in cornering, both low- and fast.
With all the existing aerodynamic technology and the soon-to-be-introduced ground effects that F1 cars will use, it’s likely that drivers may have to contend with even greater g-forces in the future.